European Withdrawal Agreement Bill 2019
The bill was reintroduced immediately after the general election and was the first bill introduced in the House of Commons in the first session of the 58th Parliament with amendments to the previous bill by the re-elected government and was read for the first time on December 19, just after the first reading of the Outlawries Bill and before the start of the debate on the Queen`s Speech. The second reading took place on 20 December and the third reading on 9 January 2020. On November 13, 2017, Brexit Minister David Davis announced a bill to enshrine the withdrawal agreement in national law through primary legislation. In further talks in the House of Commons, Davis said that if the UK decided not to pass the law on 29 March 2019, the UK would remain on track to leave the EU without a deal, having invoked Article 50 in March 2017, following the adoption of the Notification of Withdrawal Act 2017.  Welcome > United Kingdom > MEPs pass the Law on the 2019-20 Withdrawal Agreement from the European Union (Withdrawal Agreement). On January 22, 2020, the law was passed by the House of Lords without further amendment. The next day she obtained royal approval.   In the 2019 revisions, elements of the political statement were also adapted, replacing the word “appropriate” with “appropriate” with respect to labour standards. According to Sam Lowe, a trade fellow at the Centre for European Reform, the amendment excludes labour standards from dispute resolution mechanisms.  In addition, the Equal Competition Mechanism has been postponed from the legally binding withdrawal agreement to the political declaration, and the line of the political statement that “the United Kingdom will consider taking into account alignment with trade union rules in the relevant areas” has been removed.  On 20 December 2019, after the Conservatives won the 2019 British general election, the House of Commons passed second reading of the withdrawal agreement with a 358-234 lead.
Following the amendments proposed by the House of Lords and the ping-pong between the two houses, the bill was granted royal approval on 23 January 2020, allowing ratification on the British side.  On July 24, 2018, the government presented a white paper on the bill and how legislation works.  The bill was first introduced by the government at the second session stagnated on 21 October 2019 by the government, entitled “A Bill to Implement, and make other provision in connection with, the agreement between the United Kingdom and the EU under Art 50, paragraph 2 of the Treaty on European Union which sets the arrangements for the rekingdom from the EU”.  This bill was not discussed further after second reading in the House of Commons on October 22, 2019, and passed on November 6, when Parliament was dissolved in preparation for the 2019 general election. More generally, the Article 26 proposal ignores the recent emphasis of EU institutions on the rule of law and is unlikely to go unnoticed in Brussels. Following the July 2019 communication on “Strengthening the Rule of Law in the Union – An Approach to Action”, the new European Commission is pursuing a project to strengthen the rule of law, which has received broad support from Member States that have introduced the concept of conditionality of the rule of law in recent months. The new European Parliament has also recently focused on the separation of powers and the independence of the judiciary in Poland as part of the procedure under Article 7, paragraph 1, of the killings.